Chimpanzees are our closest relatives. Natural habitat of these primates is Africa and most of them can be found in the rainforest, grassland and woodland of West and Central Africa. Their body is covered with long dark hair. Unlike other monkeys – they don’t have tail. They live in large communities of up to 150 members. Chimpanzees are highly endangered animals. Loss of habitat and increased commercial hunt reduced the number of chimpanzee from 2 million to 300,000 individuals.
Chimpanzees are omnivores, meaning they eat a wide variety of foods that includes fruits, nuts, seeds, and insects. Chimps occasionally hunt and eat meat. Chimps live in communities. These communities are composed of family groups of three to six individuals, totaling about 50 animals. Hierarchies are formed by the adult males of the community, which is led by one alpha (the highest) male. Adolescent females may move freely between communities, although territory is strictly patrolled and conflicts can occur between neighbors.